Muallif Mavzu: Nukus shahri haqida ensiklopediyalarda  ( 10804 marta o'qilgan)

0 Foydalanuvchilar va 1 Mehmon ushbu mavzuni kuzatishmoqda.

muxbir

  • Super Member
  • ******
  • Rahmat
  • -aytdi: 30
  • -oldi: 43
  • Xabarlar: 2127
  • Jins: Erkak
  • Correspondent
Nukus shahri haqida ensiklopediyalarda
« : 07 Avgust 2006, 08:02:25 »
Nukus, city in western Uzbekistan, capital of the Qoraqalpogh Autonomous Republic (Qoraqalpoghiston), in the delta of the Amu Darya River. Nukus is 1255 km (755 mi) west of Toshkent, Uzbekistan's capital, and 230 km (140 mi) south of Mŭynoq and the former shoreline of the Aral Sea. An increase in upstream irrigation needs reduced the downstream flow of the Amu Darya, contributing to the shrinking of the Aral and the disappearance of its plentiful fish stock. Nukus is a center for the growing and processing of cotton and rice. Fishing, fish processing, and canning, once dominant economic activities in Nukus, have ceased. The local climate has changed with the disappearance of the sea, and Nukus now experiences an average of ten dust and sand storms a year. The 1989 census indicated that Nukus was the fastest growing city in Uzbekistan as a consequence of the deteriorating environmental conditions in the surrounding countryside.

Nukus is the home of the Qoraqalpogh branch of the Uzbek Academy of Sciences and Nukus State University (founded in 1979). Nukus also has a large museum with an art collection from the Russian avant-garde, a bold group of artists who ushered in modernism at the beginning of the 20th century. Many of those artists fell victim to the purges of Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin in the early 1930s, but the late director of the Nukus Museum collected their work and brought it to Nukus. Nukus became a city in 1932 and succeeded Turtkul as capital of Qoraqalpoghiston in 1939. Population (1999 estimate) 199,000.

Encarta Encyclopedia 2004.
Xabarlar ummonida biz bilan birga...

muxbir

  • Super Member
  • ******
  • Rahmat
  • -aytdi: 30
  • -oldi: 43
  • Xabarlar: 2127
  • Jins: Erkak
  • Correspondent
Re: Nukus shahri haqida ensiklopediyalarda
« Javob #1 : 07 Avgust 2006, 08:02:50 »
Nukus (Karakalpak: Nökis) is a city in Uzbekistan, and the capital of the autonomous Karakalpakstan Republic. Its population is estimated at 180,000.

History
Nukus developed from a small settlement in 1932 into a pleasant, modern Soviet city with broad avenues and big public buildings; however, the city's isolation made it host to the Red Army's Chemical Research Institute, a major research and testing center for chemical warfare weapons.

Ecological concerns

With the fall of the Soviet Union and the growing ecological disaster of the Aral Sea, the city has certainly seen better times. Contamination of the surrounding area by wind-borne salt and pesticides from the dry Aral Sea bed have turned the surrounding area into a wasteland, with very high rates of respiratory disorders, cancer, birth defects and deformities.

Sights
Nukus is host to the Karakalpakstan Art Museum and State Museum. The State Museum houses the usual collection of artifacts recovered from archaelogical investigations, traditional jewelry, costumes and musical instruments, but more interestingly, displays of the area's now vanished or endangered flora and fauna, and on the Aral Sea issue. The Art Museum is noted for its collection of modern Russian and Uzbek art from 1918-1935. Stalin tried his best to eliminate all non Soviet art from this period, and sent most of the artists to the gulag. The collection at Nukus survived because of the city's remoteness.

Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Xabarlar ummonida biz bilan birga...

muxbir

  • Super Member
  • ******
  • Rahmat
  • -aytdi: 30
  • -oldi: 43
  • Xabarlar: 2127
  • Jins: Erkak
  • Correspondent
Re: Nukus shahri haqida ensiklopediyalarda
« Javob #2 : 07 Avgust 2006, 08:03:16 »
Нукус, город, столица Каракалпакской АССР. Расположен на правом берегу Амударьи (у начала её дельты), в 38 км от ж.-д. станции Ходжейли (на левом берегу реки); строится (1974) ж. д. Тахиаташ — Н. Узел автомобильных дорог. 88 тыс. жителей в 1974 (10 тыс. в 1939, 39 тыс. в 1959).

Н. основан как город в 1932 на месте аула Нукуса, возникшего в 60-х гг. 19 в. С 1939 — столица Каракалпакской АССР. Предприятия Н. дают свыше 15% валовой продукции промышленности Каракалпакии. Наибольшее значение имеют металлообработка (заводы по ремонту с.-х. и дорожных машин и др.), производство стройматериалов (комбинаты крупнопанельного домостроения, стройматериалов, заводы кирпичный, гранитно-мраморный), пищевая (мясо-молочная, мукомольная, винно-водочная и др.), лёгкая промышленность. Мебельная фабрика.

Н. застраивался по генеральному плану 1936 (архитектор С. О. Овсянников и др.). В 1965 утвержден новый генеральный план (архитектор А. М. Иркабаев, инженер Т. З. Зияев). Н. имеет прямоугольную сетку улиц, застроенных жилыми (главным образом малоэтажными) и общественными зданиями. Среди общественных сооружений: здания Совета Министров Каракалпакской АССР (1930-е гг.), Каракалпакского обкома КП Узбекистана (1970, архитектор Е. К. Видякин, инженер Э. Ф. Леннешмидт). Возведены памятники В. И. Ленину (бронза, гранит, 1958, скульптор Е. В. Вучетич), воинам, павшим в Великой Отечественной войне 1941—45 (бетон, камень, 1967, архитектор К. М. Молутов).

В Н. — Каракалпакский филиал АН Узбекской ССР; педагогический институт, 11 средних специальных учебных заведений. Историко-краеведческий музей, Музей искусств Каракалпакской АССР. Музыкально-драматический театр им. К. С. Станиславского, филармония.

Большая Советская энциклопедия
Xabarlar ummonida biz bilan birga...

muxbir

  • Super Member
  • ******
  • Rahmat
  • -aytdi: 30
  • -oldi: 43
  • Xabarlar: 2127
  • Jins: Erkak
  • Correspondent
Re: Nukus shahri haqida ensiklopediyalarda
« Javob #3 : 07 Avgust 2006, 08:03:33 »
Nukus , city (1989 pop. 170,362), capital of Karakalpak Republic, W Uzbekistan, in the Khwarazm oasis and on the Amu Darya River. It has alfalfa and food-processing and other light industries, as well as a notable modern art museum.

Columbia Encyclopedia
Xabarlar ummonida biz bilan birga...

muxbir

  • Super Member
  • ******
  • Rahmat
  • -aytdi: 30
  • -oldi: 43
  • Xabarlar: 2127
  • Jins: Erkak
  • Correspondent
Re: Nukus shahri haqida ensiklopediyalarda
« Javob #4 : 07 Avgust 2006, 08:03:50 »
НУКУС , город (с 1932) в Узбекистане, столица Каракалпакии (с 1939). Железнодорожная станция. 180 тыс. жителей (1991). Химический комбинат; металлообрабатывающая, стройматериалов, пищевая, легкая промышленность. Филиал АН Узбекистана. Университет. 2 театра. Музеи: искусств им. И. В. Савицкого.

Большой Энциклопедический Словарь
Xabarlar ummonida biz bilan birga...

Fayzbek

  • Jr. Member
  • **
  • Rahmat
  • -aytdi: 4
  • -oldi: 10
  • Xabarlar: 55
  • Jins: Erkak
  • Nur bor joyda soya bor.
Re: Nukus shahri haqida ensiklopediyalarda
« Javob #5 : 12 Iyun 2010, 16:15:32 »
Nukus shahar Temir yo'l vokzali.

[вложение удалено Администратором]
Yashasang hech o'lmaydigandek bo'lib yasha, ibodat qilsang hozir o'ladigandek bo'lib qilgin...

Fayzbek

  • Jr. Member
  • **
  • Rahmat
  • -aytdi: 4
  • -oldi: 10
  • Xabarlar: 55
  • Jins: Erkak
  • Nur bor joyda soya bor.
Re: Nukus shahri haqida ensiklopediyalarda
« Javob #6 : 12 Iyun 2010, 16:48:05 »
Nukus yaqin kelajakda.

[вложение удалено Администратором]
Yashasang hech o'lmaydigandek bo'lib yasha, ibodat qilsang hozir o'ladigandek bo'lib qilgin...

Fayzbek

  • Jr. Member
  • **
  • Rahmat
  • -aytdi: 4
  • -oldi: 10
  • Xabarlar: 55
  • Jins: Erkak
  • Nur bor joyda soya bor.
Re: Nukus shahri haqida ensiklopediyalarda
« Javob #7 : 12 Iyun 2010, 16:50:37 »
2005 yil Nukus qish fasli.

[вложение удалено Администратором]
Yashasang hech o'lmaydigandek bo'lib yasha, ibodat qilsang hozir o'ladigandek bo'lib qilgin...

 

Kogon shahri haqida ensiklopediyalarda

Muallif MohinurBo'lim Buxoro viloyati

Javoblar: 9
Ko'rilgan: 14782
So'nggi javob 30 Aprel 2013, 16:45:52
muallifi levdeo
Buxoro shahri haqida ensiklopediyalarda

Muallif MohinurBo'lim Buxoro viloyati

Javoblar: 33
Ko'rilgan: 48092
So'nggi javob 14 May 2010, 15:50:58
muallifi AbdulAziz
Asaka shahri haqida ensiklopediyalarda

Muallif shoirBo'lim Andijon viloyati

Javoblar: 2
Ko'rilgan: 7138
So'nggi javob 20 Iyul 2009, 08:55:45
muallifi muxbir
Qorasuv shahri haqida ensiklopediyalarda

Muallif shoirBo'lim Andijon viloyati

Javoblar: 0
Ko'rilgan: 6101
So'nggi javob 13 Iyul 2006, 04:24:32
muallifi shoir
Andijon shahri haqida ensiklopediyalarda

Muallif shoirBo'lim Andijon viloyati

Javoblar: 33
Ko'rilgan: 21844
So'nggi javob 13 Aprel 2010, 12:01:29
muallifi AbdulAziz